50 Words Associated With Christianity

By | May 27, 2022



A glossary of Christian terms

You are here >> Glossary >> Christian Glossary Unlike the other glossaries most of the words below are in English. The historic languages of Christianity are Aramaic, Hebrew, Greek and Latin. The Old (Jewish) Testament was written in Hebrew with some texts in Aramaic and Greek, although many words and passages have their origin in Greek. Latin increasingly became the language of the bible in the Western half of the Roman Empire from the 5th century and in the last few hundred years has been translated in the local or secular language. The bible remains the most printed and most popular book in the world.


 A


B


C


D


E


F


G


H


I


J


K


L


M


N


O


P


Q


R


S


T


U


V


W


XYZ



A




Abraham

The father of the
Jewish
nation. He and his group left Ur and started a new life in
Canaan.


Adam and Eve
The first people according to the book of
Genesis. They lived in the Garden of Eden.


Advent
The beginning of the
church
year. Starts on the Sunday nearest November 30th (St. Andrew’s day) until
Christmas.
Advent
is from the Latin meaning coming or arrival.


Acts of Apostles
The second of the books in the
bible
written by
Luke.


Agnostic

Someone who says we cannot know whether God exists.


Altar
The place of
sacrifice
in
church
or
chapel
which represents the table where
Jesus
shared the
last supper
with his
disciples.


Amen
The final word of a
prayer; means “so be it”.


Annunciation
When the angel Gabriel told Mary that she was pregnant with
Jesus.


Anglican
(Communion) – A worldwide branch of the
Protestant
church
led by the
Archbishop
of
Canterbury.


Angel

A heavenly being. A messenger of
God.


Apocrypha
A section of the
Bible
not accepted by all
Christians.


Apostles
The twelve followers of
Jesus; means “a person who is sent to preach the
gospel“.


Apostles’ creed
The oldest statement of belief in the church, based on the teachings of the
Apostles.


Aramaic
One of the languages used by people in
Jesus’
time, probably the language that
Jesus
and the
disciples
would have spoken to each other.


Archbishop

A clergyperson who is responsible for a group of
diocese.


ASB
The alternative
service
book. The prayer book used by the
Church of England. It contains the order for all the services. It also contains many
prayers.


Ash Wednesday
The first day of
Lent.
The day after
Shrove Tuesday.


Ascension
When
Jesus
went back to
heaven, 40 days after the
resurrection.


Atheist

Someone who does not believe there is a
God.


Atonement
Making amends for your
sins
or wrong deeds. Trying to put things right.


aumbry
The little cupboard where the reserved
sacrament
is kept.


B



Baptism
The entry rite into the
Christian
church, which can take place as a baby or as an adult.


Baptistery

The place where
baptism
takes place.


Basilica
A word for a large
church.


Beatitudes
A section of writing from the
New Testament, each of which starts with “Blessed are the ….” (Matthew 5).


Bethlehem
A small town in the north of
Palestine
where Jesus was born.


Bible
The Holy Book of the
Christians, contains the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament), the
New Testament
and sometimes the
Apocrypha


Bishop
A senior
minister, usually in charge of an area or
diocese.


Blasphemy
Words that are spoken against
God.


Blessed
Rewarded by
God.


C



Calvin(ism)
John Calvin (1509-1564) was an important part of the Reformation and his followers started a movement called Calvinism, a branch of the
Protestant church.


Celibate
In many
Christian
sects the
priest
or
bishop
is not allowed to be married or have sex.


Chastity
The state of being sexually pure.


Christ
Another name for
Jesus Christ.


Christening
Another word for
Baptism.


Christian(s)
Those who follow the teachings of
Jesus Christ.


Christianity
The faith of the
Christians.


Christmas
The
festival
which celebrates the birth of
Jesus.


Church
(1) A building which is used for worship. (2) The community of
Christians.


Church of England
The part of the
Anglican Communion
in England.


Clergy
Those people who are appointed to work in the
church. The three types of clergy are
deacons,
priests
and
bishops
.


Commandments
Rules given by
God. The most famous are the 10 commandments given to
Moses.


Communion
The most important of the
Christian
services. It acts out the events of the
last supper
which Jesus had with his disciples.


Confession
Words spoken about your
sins, asking
God
for forgiveness.


Confirmation
When people who were
baptised
as babies confirm the promises made by their parents.


Conscience
Our internal ‘voice’ which tells us right from wrong, some people believe that this is the voice of God within us.


Consecration
When the bread and wine are turned into the body and blood of
Jesus Christ.


Contemplation
Thinking about
God, time spent in
prayer
and
meditation
.


Covenant
An agreement between an individual or people and
God.


Creation
When
God
made the world.


Creed
A statement of religious beliefs agreed by the
church
to be true. There are 2 main creeds in the Christian church: the
Apostles’ Creed
and the
Nicene Creed.


Cross
The most important
Christian
symbol.


Crucifix
A model of the
cross
with the figure of
Jesus
upon it.


Crucifixion
When
Jesus
was put to death on a
cross. A form of capital punishment.
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D



Day of Judgment
At the end of the world when all people will be judged on their behaviour during their lives.


Denomination
A group within the
Christian
church.


Devil
Some
Christians
believe that the devil is an actual being. Others that ‘he’ just represents all things that are
evil.


Diocese

A sub division of the church consisting of a number of parishes, the priest in charge is usually a
bishop.


Disciple
A person who follows the teachings of
Jesus.


E



Easter
The major
festival
in the
Christian
church which celebrates the life, death and
resurrection
of
Jesus.


(Eastern) Orthodox
The
Christian
churches foumd mainly in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. (e.g. Russian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox). One of the three main denominations along with
Roman Catholic
and
Protestant. Maintaining a separate existence since 1054 A.D. when Eastern and Western
Christianity
disagreed over doctrine.


Epistle
A letter. Part of the New Testament; many written by
St.Paul.


Eucharist
Comes from the Greek word meaning “Thanksgiving”. It is based on the events that happened at the
last supper. All
Christian
groups perform this
service
except Salvationists and
Quakers.


Euthanasia
The ending of life, by medical means, when there is no hope of recovery.


Evil
Things that are not of
God.


F



Faith
A belief in
God.


Feminist theology
A movement in the church to get equal treatment for men and women.


Festival
A special occasion during the
church
year.


Free Church
A
church
which has no higher authority than the leaders of that
church.


Foetus
The developing baby while it is in the womb.


Font
The place in the
church
where babies are
baptised.


G



Garden of Eden
The original home of
Adam and Eve
before the fall.


Gethsemene
A garden where
Jesus
prayed before being arrested.


Gender
Another word for sex; we all have a gender either male or female.


God
The supreme being, who created the world.


Godparents
When a baby is
baptised
Godparents promise to bring the baby up as a Christian.


Golden Rule
quoted by Jesus as ‘Love your neighbour as yourself’ (Mark 12:31).


Good Friday
The day on which
Jesus
was
crucified.


Gospel
The part of the
New Testament about the life of
Jesus.
Gospel means ‘good news’.


Grace
The loving help that
God
gives to all human beings, an undeserved gift.
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H



Heaven
The place where
God
lives and where
Christians
go after their death.


Hebrew Scripture
Called the
Tenakh
consists of 3 parts: the
Torah
(Law), the
Nevi’im
(Prophets) and the
Ketuvim
(Writings) Sometimes called the
Old Testament.


Holy
Special to
God.


Holy Communion
Another name for the
Eucharist.


Holy matrimony
Another term for Christian marriage.


Holy Spirit
One of the three forms of God. The Holy
Spirit came down to the
disciples
at
Pentecost
and to
Jesus
at his
baptism. Often shown as a dove.


Hospice
A hospital for the care of people with terminal illnesses. They specialise in pain control, making life as comfortable as possible.


I



Infanticide
The killing or murder of a small child (Infant).


Incarnation

When
Jesus
became human by being born to
Mary


J



Jesus Christ
The founder of the
Christian
faith. Born in Nazareth and killed by
crucifixion
at the age of about 33.


Jews
The people of Abraham.
Jesus
was a Jew.


Joseph
The earthly father of
Jesus.


K



Kingdom of God
The new kingdom to be ruled over by God.


L



Last supper
The last meal that Jesus had before the
crucifixion. At this meal
Jesus
gave a special meaning to the bread and the wine, which is remembered at the
Eucharist.


Lent
The 40 days, from
Ash Wednesday
to
Holy Week.
Represents the40 days that
Jesus
spent in the wilderness.


Lord’s Supper
Another name for the
Eucharist.


Lord’s Prayer
The
prayer
that
Jesus
gave to his
disciples.


Lutheran

A
denomination
of the
Protestant
Christian
church. Followers of Martin Luther after the
Reformation.


M



Mary
The mother of
Jesus,
sometimes called the Blessed Virgin Mary. Mary is very important in the
Roman
Catholic
church.


Mass
Another name for the
Eucharist.


Messiah

Jesus
of Nazareth is the Messiah which means ‘King’ or ‘Saviour‘ or “Anointed One’.


Methodist
A branch of the
protestant
church founded by John
Wesley.


Miracle
An event that cannot be explained by normal or scientific means.


Monotheism

Belief in one
God
– The Christians, Jews and Muslims


Moses
The
Jewish
leader who led the
Jews
from slavery in Egypt, and was given the
ten commandments
by
God
on Mount Sinai.


N



New Testament
Part of the
Bible
together with the
Hebrew Scripture.
The New Testament contains the
Gospels, the
Epistles
and the book of
Revelation.


O



Old Testament
Another name for the
Hebrew Scripture, part of the
Bible


Orthodox Church
See
Eastern Orthodox.


P



Palestine
The part of the Eastern Mediterranean where
Jesus
lived, part of modern day Israel.


Palm Sunday
The day that
Christians
remember the entry of
Jesus
into Jerusalem.


Patriarch
Leader of one of the 14
Eastern Orthodox
churches.


Paul

(Saint)
A
Jew
who was converted to
Christianity
and who took the
gospel
to the Gentiles.
Wrote many of the
epistles
.


Pentecost
The
festival
when the
disciples
received the
Holy Spirit.
Often thought of as the birth of the
church.


Peter

(Saint)
The
apostle
who denied
Jesus
and who Jesus called ‘the rock on which the
church
was built’; Peter was the first
bishop
of
Rome, or
Pope.


Pharisee
A religious leader of the
Jews
at the time of
Jesus.


Polytheism

Belief in many Gods.


Pope
The leader of the
Roman Catholic
church, lives in
Vatican City.


Prayer
Talking to
God.


Preacher
A person who delivers a
sermon.


Priest
A clergyperson who may celebrate the
Eucharist, give blessings and forgive sins.


Protestant
A form of
Christianity
after the
Reformation. Protestant is used to describe the churches which do not belong to the
Roman Catholic
or
Orthodox
churches.


Purgatory
The place between earth and
Heaven, “Heaven’s waiting room.”
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Q



Quakers

Protestant
denomination
started by George Fox who believed that a person should be guided by the
Holy Spirit
in silent
meditation.


R



Reconciliation
To get closer to
God
through the
forgiveness
of your
sins.


Reformation

When the Western church split into the
Catholic
and
Protestant
denominations
in the 16th century.


Repentance
To be sorry for the
sins
that you have committed.


Resurrection
When
Jesus
came back from the dead three days after he had been
crucified.


Revelation
A message from
God.


[Roman] Catholic
The Christian
denomination, based in
Rome, that is headed by the
Pope
.


Rome
The capital of Italy. Location of the
Vatican City
, the centre of the
Roman Catholic church
and the home of the
Pope.


S



Sabbath
The
Jewish
holy day, from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday. Also used by some
Christian denominations
for
Sunday.


Sacrament
An outward sign of something special and holy. The
Roman Catholics, Orthodox
and the
Anglicans
believe in 7 sacraments.Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation,
holy orders, forgiveness of sins, anointing of the sick, and
Marriage. Most
Protestant
churches recognise only the first two of these.


Sacred
Something which is
holy
or devoted to
God.


Salvation Army
A
protestant
church
formed by William Booth to help the poor. It works to help people’s physical needs as well as their spiritual ones.


Samaritan
A group of people who lived in Samaria at the time of
Jesus, considered by the Jews to be inferior.


Satan
Another name for the
devil.


Saviour
Another title for
Jesus. Used to show belief that he rescued people from their
sins
by dying on a
cross.


Secular
Anything that is not religious.


Sermon
A talk given in church on a
spiritual
or moral
theme.


Sexism
Treating people differently because of their gender.


Sin
Doing something wrong that separates you from
God.


Sunday
The
Christian
holy day; day of rest.


Synoptic
A Greek word which means “to look at together”. The synoptic
gospels
are Matthew, Mark and Luke.


T



Temptation
Being persuaded to do
evil
or to
sin.


Ten Commandments
The rules given to
Moses
by
God
on Mount Sinai.


Theist

Someone who does believe
God
exists.


Transubstantiation
A belief that the wine and the bread at the
Eucharist
actually turn into the body and blood of
Jesus. Esp. in the
Roman Catholic
and the
Eastern Orthodox
churches.


Trinity
The one God in the three parts;
God
as Father, Son and
Holy Spirit.


U



No entries



V



Vatican City
A small country in the middle of
Rome
that is the centre of the
Roman.
Catholic
church. Where the
Pope
lives.


Virgin Birth
The belief that
Mary
was a
virgin
when she gave birth to Jesus.


Virgin Mary
Another name for
Mary.


Vision
A dream like experience of
God.


Vows
Promises made in the sight of
God.


W



Worship
The act of
prayer
or actions dedicated to praising
God.


Worshipper
A person who is involved in an act of
worship.


XYZ



Xylophones
Instruments played by
angels
when their harps are in for repair.


Yahweh
Hebraic word for
God. Used primarily by Roman Catholics


Zygote
The joined sperm and egg from the moment of
conception
until the time it “beds” into the wall of the womb and develops an umbilical cord.

50 Words Associated With Christianity

Source: http://www.mmiweb.org.uk/publications/glossary/glossaries/xtianglos.html